Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) is made from waste wood joined with resin using a high-pressure press, and it is a popular choice of wood for the manufacture of furniture, cabinets and flooring, owing to its properties.

It has an innate advantage over plank wood due to its composite construction, making it smooth and easy to work. Unlike plank wood it has no grain, so it is highly resistant to splitting when nailing and screwing, and the edge will not 'tear' when sawn. This makes MDF the wood of choice for mouldings, as it is very easy to shape.

MDF also has many uses around the home due to its excellent insulation properties. It is highly resistant to both heat and sound, making it a popular choice for doors, partitions and flooring. Whilst MDF does not have the same appearance as plank wood, its ease of use means that it is easy to apply a veneer to give it an attractive appearance. MDF is often supplied with a veneer off-the-shelf.

MDF has a high strength-to-weight ratio, so it is the ideal material for furniture and kitchen cabinets. Cabinets made from this material are easy to install and reduce the amount of stress placed on surrounding walls. It is also ideal for bathrooms, as its resin construction has a high resistance to damp, reducing the incidence of rot and swelling. For this reason, it is also a popular choice of wood for boat interiors.

Its malleability as a material means that MDF items cost less than those made from timber, yet they are often just as attractive and long lasting. MDF is also simple to refinish.